Clinical Manifestations of HIV/AIDS Prisoners
with and without Antiretroviral Therapy

Annisa Basyira, Umi Susana Widjaja, Helwiah Umniyati, Audiawati

Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas YARSI, Jakarta, Indonesia



Objective: This study aimed to discover the differences of oral lesions in HIV/AIDS prisoners with and without antiretroviral therapy. Those differences were compared by CD4 cell counts, long-term of using antiretroviral therapy, and the types of antiretroviral therapy.


Method: This is an observational study with a descriptive analytic and a cross-sectional study design. The study was conducted on 68 prisoners with HIV/AIDS at the state detention house in Jakarta with 52 prisoners who have been treated by antiretroviral therapy and 16 prisoners who have not been treated by an antiretroviral therapy.


Result: 29 prisoners out of 68 prisoners had oral lesions. Hyperpigmentation and oral candidiasis were the most common findings in this study. On the other hand, hairy leukoplakia was found in an individual in which its existence has a significant correlation with HIV/AIDS. Based on the chi-square test, there was no significant correlation between the appearance of oral lesions and consumption of antiretroviral medication (p = 0.919) and also with CD4 counts (p = 0.533).


Conclusion: It can be concluded that the oral lesions in HIV/AIDS prisoners who have been treated and have not been treated by Antiretroviral therapy did not show any significant differences. However, one of the oral lesions that has a significant correlation with HIV/AIDS were found in some of the individuals.


Key words: HIV/AIDS, Oral Lesions, ARV, Prisoners