Oral Manifestation in Pediatric Patients With
HIV-Positive: 4 Case Reports

Chivita Wulandari Febryna

University of Jenderal Achmad Yani, Bandung, Indonesia.




Objectives: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that attacks the human immune system so that people with HIV have higher risk of infection from other microorganisms. HIV infection can occur at any age, both adults and children. In people with HIV there are several clinical manifestations that can occur throughout the body, including the mouth. Oral manifestations in people with HIV are usually associated with Candida, bacteria, and ulcers. The aim of this study is to report oral manifestations that occur in paediatric patients with HIV.


Methods: The subjects of this study were four children who had undergone an examination and were tested positive for HIV infection. An examination of the tongue, lip mucosa, buccal mucosa, and dentition was e performed for each patient.


Results: This case report covers four patients (2 male and 2 female). In the first case,  oral candidiasis, dental caries in almost all teeth, and pulmonary TB were found. In the second case, oral candidiasis was found as well as major recurrent aphthous stomatitis and slow dentition growth. Oral candidiasis and dental caries were also found in the third case. Meanwhile in the fourth case, oral candidiasis and major recurrent aphthous stomatitis were found.

Conclusions: From a total of eight oral manifestations, four manifestation were found in four patients: such as oral candidiasis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, high dental caries, and slow dentition growth