Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Diseases in Paediatric AIDS Patients Under
Antiretroviral Therapy in Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya

Bima Ewando Kaban1, Secondini Hillary Siswanto2, Hening Tuti Hendarti3, Desiana Radithia3

Oral Medicine Residency Program, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia




Background: The prevalence of HIV infections in paediatric patients in Indonesia is still increasing. HIV infection manifests as various oral mucosal disorders. Antiretroviral therapy may reduce the progress of HIV infection, thus reducing the oral manifestations. However, prolonged antiretroviral therapy may also result in other oral manifestations which clinicians should be aware of. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya is the center of referral for AIDS cases for the eastern part of Indonesia.


Objective: This research was conducted to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal diseases as manifestations of antiretroviral therapy on paediatric AIDS patients in Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya.


Method: Descriptive cross-sectional observational research was conducted on a paediatric AIDS patient, in the Intermediate Care for Infectious Disease Unit, who gave consent to participate on the study were examined clinically for oral mucosal diseases and confirmed by a microbiological test.


Results: 53 cases of oral diseases were observed in 28 subjects, such as oral candidiasis (9,4%), oral hairy leukoplakia (3,8%), linear gingival erythema (5,7%), angular cheilitis (22,6%) and other manifestations which will be presented in the poster.


Conclusion: Angular cheilitis is the most common manifestation in paediatric AIDS patients under ARV therapy.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Oral Manifestation, Antiretroviral therapy.